The Capital of the region of the same label and also the entry to Austria by the northwest, Salzburg can be one particular of Europe’s most attractive towns, adored similarly for its buildings as it’s for its wonderful setting up. This additionally relishes a particular celebrity in the universe of popular music as the birthplace of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, an celebrity mirrored such sights as the art gallery in the residence of his birth and several celebrations exhibiting his songs.
This charming town consumes both equally banking institutions of the River Salzach, which here emerges by the Salzburg Alps straight into an area of lower terrain focused by the 1,853-meter Untersberg through which the opinions of the location, with its towers and domes, are of memorable splendor. The charming Old Town is an location of limited ancient streets and arcaded courtyards simply pleading to be discovered, as are the large squares of the household area in between the Neutor and the Neugebäude districts. Certainly not far from Salzburg, is situated the world’s biggest system of ice caves (Eisriesenwelt), a must-see fascination for adventure tourista.
Then again, The tone of songs spreads throughout Salzburg, a lovely city of a lot more than 145,000 inhabitans in western Austria. The urban center on the Salzach River is well-known for the preparing for that lovely music, The Sound of Music. Although long just before the Rodgers and Hammerstein blockbuster, Salzburg was well-liked for the birthplace of Mozart, one of the world’s excellent classical music composer. It may be attainable to view a couple of of the interesting attractions in Salzburg on a easy time journey from Munich or Vienna, but shelling out a very few days and nights will allow tourists to take on in a great deal more landscapes and soak in the surroundings of this enjoyable location. In the list below are the most tourist attractive places to see in Salzburg:
[Via, Image source]: planetware
1. Mozart’s Birthplace
Number 9 Getreidegasse in Salzburg is the house where Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born on January 27th, 1756 (he died on December 5th, 1791 in Vienna). Today, Mozart’s Birthplace (Mozarts Geburtshaus) consists of a number of interesting features, including rooms once occupied by the Mozart family. Now a fascinating museum, numerous interesting mementos are on display, including the young Mozart’s violin, portraits, and original scores.
2. The Residenzplatz
At the very heart of Salzburg’s Old Town (Altstadt) on the left bank of the Salzach is the Residenzplatz, one of the city’s largest squares and the best place from which to begin exploring the many tourist attractions this beautiful city has to offer. The focal point of the Residenzplatz is the stunning Residenzbrunnen, a masterpiece of marble made by an Italian sculptor in 1661 and the largest and finest Baroque fountain this side of the Alps. Standing 15 meters high with splendid figures of bold horses, along with the god Atlas bearing dishes, it also impresses with its dolphins and, crowning the whole display, a Triton with a conch shell.
3. Editor’s Pick The Salzburg Residenz and the Residenzgalerie
Dominating the western side of Salzburg’s Residenzplatz is the Residenz, the former palace of the city’s once powerful Prince Bishops. Built between 1596 and 1619, this huge palace is laid out around three courtyards and boasts a large main front with a marble gateway added in 1710. Tours of the property take in the spectacular State Apartments, lavishly decorated in Late Baroque and Early Neo-Classical style and with numerous exquisite wall and ceiling paintings, rich stucco ornaments, and handsome fireplaces. Of particular note are the Knights’ Hall (Rittersaal), the Conference Hall (Konferenzsaal), and the splendid Audience Hall (Audienzsaal) containing Flemish tapestries from the 1600s and fine Parisian furniture.
4. Hohensalzburg Castle
Salzburg is dominated by the picturesque fortress of Hohensalzburg, on the southeastern summit of the Mönchsberg. Accessible by a pleasant 20-minute walk from the Old Town center or via a funicular railway from Festungsgasse, the original castle was built in 1077, with much of what’s seen today dating from the early 1500s. The approach to the fortress passes through a number of impressive arched defensive gateways under the 17th-century Fire Bastion to the Reisszug, a unique hoist dating from 1504 once used to haul supplies, and through the Horse Gate into the Haupthof (outer ward) with its ancient lime tree and a cistern from 1539. Other highlights include the courtyard with its tiny Church of St. George (Georgskirche) from 1502 and the famous Salzburg Bull (Salzburger Stier), an organ from 1502 that still plays daily and seems to echo the carillon in the Neugebäude.
5. Salzburg Cathedral
6. St. Peter’s Abbey
On the western side of Salzburg’s Kapitelplatz, the Benedictine Abbey of St. Peter (Erzabtei St. Peter) was founded by St. Rupert in 690 AD and served as the residence of the Archbishops until 1110. While the present buildings date mainly from the 17th and 18th centuries, they remain an impressive testament to the order’s architectural skills, as can be seen in the building’s tall onion-shaped tower, one of the first of its kind in Europe. Highlights include St. Peter’s Churchyard (Friedhof St. Peter), an impressive burial ground surrounded on three sides by arcades and family tombs from the 17th century. To the south, it backs onto the sheer rock face of the Mönchsberg where you’ll find Early Christian catacombs and St. Maximus’ Chapel, hewn from the solid rock.
Opposite the Salzburg Residenz is the New Building (Neugebäude), erected in 1602 as the Archbishop’s guesthouse and enlarged in 1670. Now home to provincial government offices and the Salzburg Museum, the building is famous for its carillon (Glockenspiel). Built in 1702, it contains 35 bells that play tunes from Mozart’s vast repertoire three times per day (7am, 11am, and 6pm, guided tours available). A highlight of the experience is hearing the famous Salzburg Bull, the organ in neighboring Hohensalzburg palace, respond to the carillon with a chorale.
8. St. Peter’s Church
One of Salzburg’s oldest and most attractive churches, St. Peter’s Church (Stiftskirche St. Peter) was completed in 1143, altered in 1625, and decorated in Rococo style between 1757 and 1783 when its distinctive helm tower was added. Inside the porch under the tower is the Romanesque west doorway dating from 1240, while in the interior, the plan of the Romanesque basilica can still be detected, along with monuments including the rock-hewn tomb of St. Rupert with an epitaph from 1444. Other notable monuments are those dedicated to Mozart’s sister Marianne (Nannerl), who died in 1829, and to JM Haydn, brother of Joseph.
9. Salzburg’s Festival Theaters
Salzburg has long been famous for its music festivals, a fact that has manifested in the form of a number of historic theaters and concert halls. Collectively known as the Festival Theaters (Festspielhäuser), these buildings consist of the large Festspielhaus and the smaller Haus für Mozart, between which is a foyer with fine frescoes, and the Karl-Böhm Hall, used for exhibitions and receptions and also sporting superb 17th-century frescoes. It’s here that the famous Salzburg Festival has been held since 1925, a five-week-long summer event showcasing the best of European music and drama.
10. The Franciscan Church
To the north of St. Peter’s Church stands the Franciscan Church (Franziskanerkirche), the town’s parish church until 1635. Notable features of the exterior are the high roof of the choir and the tower on the south side from 1498, while inside, the dark 13th-century Romanesque nave contrasts with the high, bright 15th-century Gothic choir. In front of a ring of Baroque chapels dating from 1606 stands the high altar, added in 1709 and notable for its late 15th-century carved Madonna.